AIDS: Signs Of Progress, But Worries About Cuts
By Lisa Keen
Originally printed 1/2/2014 (Issue 2201 - Between The Lines News)
More than 9,000 people with HIV were on a waiting list for federal assistance in buying their medications in August 2011. In December, President Obama announced that number is down to zero.
"At one time, the need was so great that over 9,000 people were on the waitlist," said the president, at a White House ceremony marking World AIDS Day. "We vowed to get those numbers down. And I'm proud to announce that we have cleared that waitlist. We are down to zero. And we're going to keep working to keep it down."
Carl Schmid, an official at the AIDS Institute who has devoted considerable voice to shining a light on that waiting list, agreed the Obama administration deserves some credit. Schmid said the administration's re-direction of $35 million in funding to the AIDS Drug Assistance Program (ADAP) two years ago "really helped" clear the waiting lists.
The vast majority of names on the waiting lists (96 percent) were in southern states. In August 2011, the National Alliance of State and Territorial AIDS Directors (NASTAD) showed Florida with 3,751 names on the waiting list; Georgia with 1,718; Louisiana with 961; South Carolina with 896; Virginia with 875; North Carolina with 316; Alabama with 130; Arkansas with 51. The only other states with waiting lists were Ohio with 247, Utah with 40, Montana with 29, and Idaho with 25.
And most of these same southern states have now declined federal funding under the Affordable Care Act to expand their Medicaid programs and to set up state-run exchanges that citizens can use to find affordable health insurance options.
Schmid said the lack of state-run exchanges doesn't hurt so much because people with HIV can seek options through the national exchange. (The AIDS Institute has surveyed the options and is making its recommendations through a mainstream media outlet later this week.)
But the refusal of many states to accept Medicaid expansion does hurt many people with HIV, said Schmid, because "most ADAP clients are low income, and the majority are below the poverty level."
So, said Schmid, it's just not clear how much money will be needed for ADAP in the future because no one can forecast yet just how many people with low incomes and HIV will be able to get medication assistance under Medicaid or through private insurance in the exchanges.
Schmid and other AIDS activists are also concerned about federal and state budget cuts generally, as well as the looming sequestration cuts that could hit as soon as January. Many analysts are predicting those cuts could be much more dramatic next year than the first round of sequestration cuts that took place this year.
Such AIDS-related funding took on renewed urgency for the LGBT community last week when the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported last month that, among men who have sex with men (MSM), "Unprotected anal sex at least once in the past 12 months [has] increased from 48 percent in 2005 to 57 percent in 2011." Also in 2011, said the report, MSM "accounted for at least half of persons diagnosed with HIV in all but two states." The two states were Pennsylvania and South Dakota, but even in those two states, MSM still accounted for between 46 percent and 49 percent of HIV infections.
In his World AIDS Day remarks, President Obama signaled he understood that urgency for the LGBT community and others particularly hard hit by HIV.
"We need to keep focusing on investments to communities that are still being hit hardest, including gay and bisexual men, African Americans and Latinos," said the president.
He also announced that the National Institutes of Health would re-direct $100 million in funds over the next three years toward research seeking a cure for AIDS.
Meanwhile, many of the community's own AIDS organizations are struggling with loss of funding and continued federal budget cuts. The National Association of People with AIDS (NAPWA) went out of business earlier this year after filing for bankruptcy. Gay Men's Health Crisis (GMHC) in New York suffered a $66,000 cut in federal funding to its meals program for people with HIV and the state was able to chip in only $22,676 last week to help make up that deficit.
A survey of 131 AIDS organizations in 29 states, released by the AIDS Institute in October, found that 85 percent of the groups experienced a drop in funding at the same time that 79 percent of them saw an increase in clients seeking help.
AIDS Institute Executive Director Michael Ruppal said his group was urging "Congress and the President to reverse the cuts caused by sequestration and adequately fund critical public health programs, including those that prevent HIV and provide for care and treatment for people living with HIV."
But it's hard to predict whether there's any chance of that happening.
A House-Senate conference committee working on a budget agreement for FY 14 missed its Dec. 2 deadline. The House is due to leave December 13 for the holidays but leaders on both sides of the aisle have indicated they are still optimistic they can come up with a bottom line for the federal FY 14 budget. From that bottom line point, lawmakers then have until Jan. 15, 2014 to work out the details agency by agency.
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